Congenital Diseases and the Environment by A. Mantovani, F. Maranghi (auth.), P. Nicolopoulou-Stamati,

By A. Mantovani, F. Maranghi (auth.), P. Nicolopoulou-Stamati, L. Hens, C.V. Howard (eds.)

In contemporary years, expanding recognition and assets were delivered to endure at the courting among the surroundings and congenital illnesses. those illnesses have been formerly regarded as often as a result of genetic reasons. even if the significance of genes as components in causation is accredited, environmental components appear to be implicated simply as strongly. This e-book explores a few extra innovations that experience arisen from newer perceptions of environmental results and their attainable interactions with residing platforms. dialogue and presentation of previous and novel principles is concentrated at constructing a extra holistic and united belief of the interplay among congenital illnesses and the environment.

Amongst the themes mentioned are:

-effects of prenatal publicity to poisonous chemicals

-intra-uterine publicity to medicines

-effects of endocrine disrupters

-environmental probability and intercourse ratio in newborns

-surveillance of environmental impact

-research and policy

This ebook might be of curiosity to researchers in environmental technology and/or human ecology, wellbeing and fitness pros, NGOs, and the overall public.

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Additional resources for Congenital Diseases and the Environment

Sample text

3. Environmental impact on congenital diseases: the case of cryptorchidism The prevalence of certain congenital diseases such as cryptorchidism is increasing in different industrialised countries. There does not seem to be any specific reason or cause to explain this: but the recent trends in male reproductive issues, such as decreasing fertility (Skakkebaek, 2003), indicate that there might be a correlation between these and congenital abnormalities such as TSD, hypospadias, cryptorchidism, and many others.

20, 5-20. Virtanen, H. , Main, K. , Skakkebaek, N. E. and Toppari, J. (2005) Testicular dysgenesis syndrome and the development and occurrence of male reproductive disorders, Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 207, 501-505. Vorhees, C. , Weisenburger, W. P. and Minck, D. R. (2001) Neurobehavioral teratogenic effects of thalidomide in rats, Neurotoxicol. Teratol. 23, 255-264. H. and Weisglas-Kuprus N. (2002) Effects of perinatal exposure to pcbs and dioxins on play behavior in dutch children at school age, Environ.

Skakkebaek, N. E. and Main, K. M. (2005) Hypospadias in a cohort of 1072 Danish newborn boys: prevalence and relationship to placental weight, anthropometrical measurements at birth, and reproductive hormone levels at three months of age, J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 90, 4041-4046. Boisen, K. , Main, K. , Virtanen, H. , Haavisto, A. , Schmidt, I. , Damgaard, I. , Skakkebaek, N. E. and Toppari, J. (2004) Difference in prevalence of congenital cryptorchidism in infants between two Nordic countries, Lancet 363, 1264-1269.

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