Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths. vol. 8 by Author Unknown

By Author Unknown

The infrequent earths play a special position in technological know-how. those seventeen comparable components manage to pay for a panoply of sophisticated adaptations deriving from the systematic improvement in their digital configurations, permitting a attempt of conception with very good solution. by contrast they locate common use in even the main mundane strategies resembling metal making, for sprucing fabrics and fuel cracking catalysts. In among are unique makes use of comparable to television display phosphors, lasers, excessive energy everlasting magnets and chemical probes. This multi-volume instruction manual covers the whole infrequent earth box in an built-in demeanour. every one bankruptcy is a finished up to date, severe evaluate of a selected phase of the sector. The paintings bargains the researcher and graduate scholar alike, a whole and thorough assurance of this attention-grabbing box.

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Fundamentals of the Physics of Solids, Volume 1: Structure by Jenö Sólyom, A. Piróth

By Jenö Sólyom, A. Piróth

This ebook is the 1st of a three-volume sequence written through an identical writer. It goals to bring a complete and self-contained account of the basics of the physics of solids. within the presentation of the houses and experimentally saw phenomena including the fundamental options and theoretical tools, it is going a ways past such a lot vintage texts. the basic positive factors of varied experimental ideas also are defined. The textual content presents fabric for upper-level undergraduate and graduate classes. it is going to even be a useful reference for researchers within the box of condensed topic physics.

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Polarons and bipolarons in high-Tc superconductors and by E. K. H. Salje, A. S. Alexandrov, W. Y. Liang

By E. K. H. Salje, A. S. Alexandrov, W. Y. Liang

With the invention of high-temperature superconductors, study into polarons and bipolarons has attracted a lot realization. This booklet is the 1st common connection with supply a finished view of the polaron and bipolaron thought of high-temperature superconductivity, essentially the most major discoveries in physics some time past decade. Scientists have additionally saw polarons and bipolarons in magnetic semiconductors and transition steel oxides. The thorough research of those nonsuperconducting fabrics has contributed drastically to our uncomplicated figuring out of the actual houses of either polarons and bipolarons. This publication includes a sequence of authoritative articles at the so much complicated learn on polarons and bipolarons in high-temperature superconductors and comparable fabrics. This ebook can be of significant curiosity to researchers in condensed topic physics, and particularly these operating within the box of superconductivity.

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Surface and Interface Science, Volume 2 - Properties of by Klaus Wandelt

By Klaus Wandelt

Covering interface technological know-how from a singular floor technology point of view, this particular guide deals a finished assessment of this burgeoning field.

Eight topical volumes disguise simple innovations and strategies, elemental and composite surfaces, solid-gas, solid-liquid and inorganic organic interfaces, in addition to functions of floor technological know-how in nanotechnology, fabrics technology and molecular electronics.

With its wide scope and transparent constitution, it truly is excellent as a reference for scientists within the box, in addition to an creation for newcomers.

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The Physics of Structural Phase Transitions by Minoru Fujimoto

By Minoru Fujimoto

Part transitions during which crystalline solids suffer structural adjustments current an attractive challenge within the interaction among the crystal constitution and the ordering procedure. this article, meant for readers with a few previous wisdom of condensed-matter physics, emphasizes the fundamental physics in the back of such spontaneous structural alterations in crystals. beginning with the proper thermodynamic ideas, the ebook discusses the character of order variables and their collective movement in a crystal lattice; in a structural part transition a singularity in any such collective mode is accountable for the lattice instability, as published by means of smooth phonons. This mechanism is similar to the interaction of a charge-density wave and a periodically deformed lattice in low- dimensional conductors. The textual content additionally describes experimental tools for modulated crystal constructions and offers examples of structural alterations in consultant platforms. The publication is split into elements. the 1st, theoretical, half contains such issues as: the Landau thought of part transitions; information, correlations and the mean-field approximation; pseudospins and their collective modes; tender lattice modes and pseudospin condensates; lattice imperfections and their position within the section transitions of genuine crystals. the second one half discusses experimental stories of modulated crystals utilizing x-ray diffraction, neutron inelastic scattering, gentle scattering, dielectric measurements, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy. whereas the presence of modulated constructions within the severe area used to be now not really urged within the released

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Handbook of granular materials by Scott V. Franklin, Mark D. Shattuck

By Scott V. Franklin, Mark D. Shattuck

Granular structures come up in numerous geological and commercial settings, from landslides, avalanches, and erosion to agricultural grains and pharmaceutical powders. figuring out the underlying physics that governs their habit is the foremost to constructing potent dealing with and shipping mechanisms in addition to applicable environmental policies.

Handbook of Granular Materials offers foundational thoughts used to enquire granular platforms, examples in their use in modern learn, and extensions to granular-like platforms that tremendously extend the area of research. The e-book presents information on how you can behavior study in granular fabrics and explores promising instructions for brand new research.

The first numerous chapters disguise a variety of tools utilized by modern researchers to enquire granular fabrics. next chapters delve into broader issues of research, concentrating on effects instead of technique. the ultimate chapters describe 3 prolonged structures of granular media: suspensions, emulsions and foams, and colloids.

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Vortices in Bose—Einstein Condensates by Amandine Aftalion (auth.)

By Amandine Aftalion (auth.)

Since the 1st experimental fulfillment of Bose–Einstein condensates (BEC) in 1995 and the award of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2001, the homes of those gaseous quantum fluids were the point of interest of overseas curiosity in physics. This monograph is devoted to the mathematical modelling of a few particular experiments which show vortices and to a rigorous research of good points rising experimentally.

In distinction to a classical fluid, a quantum fluid equivalent to a Bose–Einstein condensate can rotate basically throughout the nucleation of quantized vortices past a few serious pace. There are attention-grabbing regimes: one with reference to the severe pace, the place there's just one vortex that has a truly detailed form; and one other one at excessive rotation values, for which a dense lattice is saw.

One of the main beneficial properties relating to superfluidity is the lifestyles of those vortices. We handle this factor mathematically and derive info on their form, quantity, and site. within the dilute restrict of those experiments, the condensate is definitely defined by means of an average box conception and a macroscopic wave functionality fixing the so-called Gross–Pitaevskii equation. The mathematical instruments hired are power estimates, Gamma convergence, and homogenization innovations. We end up life of ideas that experience homes in keeping with the experimental observations. Open difficulties concerning contemporary experiments are provided.

The paintings can function a reference for mathematical researchers and theoretical physicists drawn to superfluidity and quantum fluids, and will additionally supplement a graduate seminar in elliptic PDEs or modelling of actual experiments.

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