Magic Universe: a grand tour of modern science by Nigel Calder

By Nigel Calder

As a prolific writer, BBC commentator, and journal editor, Nigel Calder has spent a life-time recognizing and explaining the large discoveries in all branches of technological know-how. In Magic Universe, he attracts on his large event to supply readers a full of life, far-reaching examine sleek technology in all its glory, laying off mild at the most recent rules in physics, biology, chemistry, drugs, astronomy, and plenty of different fields. what's really magical approximately Magic Universe is Calder's terrific breadth. Migrating birds, mild sensors within the human eye, black holes, antimatter, buckyballs and nanotubes--with exhilarating sweep, Calder can variety from the strings of a piano to the superstrings of recent physics, from Pythagoras's thought of musical pitch to the newest rules approximately atoms and gravity and a ten-dimensional universe--all in a single essay. the good advantage of this wide-ranging style--besides its liveliness and versatility--is that it permits Calder to light up how the fashionable sciences intermingle and cross-fertilize each other. certainly, even if discussing astronauts or handedness or dinosaurs, Calder manages to tease out hidden connections among disparate fields of research. what's such a lot wondrous in regards to the "magic universe" is that it is easy to commence with stellar airborne dirt and dust and end with lifestyles itself. Drawing on interviews with greater than 2 hundred researchers, from graduate scholars to Nobel prize-winners, Magic Universe takes us on a high-spirited travel throughout the halls of technology, person who will enthrall all people drawn to technological know-how, even if a tender researcher in a high-tech lab or an beginner buff sitting within the convenience of an armchair.

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Know This: Today’s Most Interesting and Important Scientific by John Brockman

By John Brockman

Today's so much visionary thinkers exhibit the state of the art clinical rules and breakthroughs you must understand.

Scientific advancements seriously change and enlighten our knowing of the realm -- no matter if it truly is advances in expertise and clinical study or the newest revelations of neuroscience, psychology, physics, economics, anthropology, climatology, or genetics. And but amid the flood of knowledge at the present time, it is frequently tough to acknowledge the actually progressive principles that would have lasting effect. within the spirit of picking the main major new theories and discoveries, John Brockman, writer of Edge.org ("The world's smartest web site" -- The Guardian), requested 198 of the best minds What do you think about the main fascinating contemporary clinical information? What makes it important?

Pulitzer Prize-winning writer of Guns, Germs, and metal Jared Diamond on how to comprehend advanced difficulties * writer of Seven short classes on Physics Carlo Rovelli on the secret of black holes * Harvard psychologist Steven Pinker at the quantification of human development * TED Talks curator Chris J. Anderson on the expansion of the worldwide mind * Harvard cosmologist Lisa Randall at the real degree of step forward discoveries * Nobel Prize-winning physicist Frank Wilczek on why the twenty-first century may be formed via our mastery of the legislation of subject * thinker Rebecca Newberger Goldstein at the underestimation of girl genius * track legend Peter Gabriel on tearing down the obstacles among mind's eye and truth * Princeton physicist Freeman Dyson at the extraordinary skill of small (and reasonable) upstarts to compete with billion-dollar tasks. Plus Nobel laureate John C. Mather, sunlight Microsystems cofounder Bill Joy, Wired founding editor Kevin Kelly, psychologist Alison Gopnik, Genome writer Matt Ridley, Harvard geneticist George Church, Why Does the area Exist? author Jim Holt, anthropologist Helen Fisher, and more.

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Social Empiricism (Bradford Books) by Miriam Solomon

By Miriam Solomon

For the final 40 years, claims were on the center of disputes approximately medical swap: that scientists cause rationally and that technology is revolutionary. for many of this time discussions have been polarized among philosophers, who defended conventional Enlightenment rules approximately rationality and growth, and sociologists, who espoused relativism and constructivism. lately, inventive new principles going past the polarized positions have come from the background of technological know-how, feminist feedback of technological know-how, psychology of technological know-how, and anthropology of technological know-how. Addressing the normal arguments in addition to construction on those new principles, Miriam Solomon constructs a brand new epistemology of science.After discussions of the character of empirical good fortune and its relation to fact, Solomon bargains a brand new, social account of clinical rationality. She indicates that the pursuit of empirical luck and fact will be in step with either dissent and consensus, and that the excellence among dissent and consensus is of little epistemic value. In development this social epistemology of technology, she exhibits that medical groups will not be in basic terms the locus of dispensed specialist wisdom and a source for feedback but in addition the location of dispensed choice making. all through, she illustrates her rules with case experiences from late-nineteenth- and twentieth-century actual and existence sciences. exchanging the normal specialise in tools and heuristics to be utilized by means of person scientists, Solomon emphasizes technology investment, management, and coverage. considered one of her ambitions is to have a good impact on clinical choice making via sensible social suggestions.

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Scientific Models in Philosophy of Science by Daniela M. Bailer-Jones

By Daniela M. Bailer-Jones

Scientists have used versions for centuries as a method of describing phenomena and as a foundation for extra analogy. In medical types in Philosophy of technological know-how, Daniela Bailer-Jones assembles an unique and finished philosophical research of the way types were used and interpreted in either historic and modern contexts.

Bailer-Jones delineates the various kinds types can take (ranging from equations to animals; from actual items to theoretical constructs), and the way they're placed to take advantage of. She examines early mechanical types hired through nineteenth-century physicists corresponding to Kelvin and Maxwell, describes their roots within the mathematical ideas of Newton and others, and compares them to modern mechanistic ways. Bailer-Jones then perspectives using analogy within the overdue 19th century as a method of knowing types and to hyperlink diversified branches of technology. She unearths how analogies is usually types themselves, or may also help to create them.

The first half the 20th century observed little point out of versions within the literature of logical empiricism. Focusing totally on thought, logical empiricists believed that types have been of transitority value, wrong, and anticipating correction. The later contesting of logical empiricism, quite the hypothetico-deductive account of theories, by way of philosophers resembling Mary Hesse, sparked a renewed curiosity within the value of types in the course of the Fifties that maintains to at the present time.

Bailer-Jones analyzes next propositions of: types as metaphors; Kuhn's proposal of a paradigm; the Semantic View of theories; and the case learn ways of Cartwright and Morrison, between others. She then engages present debates on themes comparable to phenomena as opposed to information, the differences among versions and theories, the strategies of illustration and realism, and the discerning of falsities in versions.

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Physics: a short history from quintessence to quarks by J. L. Heilbron

By J. L. Heilbron

How does the physics we all know this day - a hugely professionalised company, inextricably associated with govt and - hyperlink again to its origins as a liberal paintings in historic Greece? what's the direction that leads from the outdated philosophy of nature and its main issue with humankind's position within the universe to trendy huge overseas initiatives that search out primary debris and commercial laboratories that manufacture marvels?

J. L. Heilbron's interesting historical past of physics introduces us to Islamic astronomers and mathematicians, calculating the dimensions of the earth when their caliphs conquered a lot of it; to medieval scholar-theologians investigating mild; to Galileo, Copernicus, Kepler, and Newton, measuring, and attempting to clarify, the universe. We stopover at the 'House of knowledge' in 9th-century Baghdad; Europe's first universities; the courts of the Renaissance; the clinical Revolution and the academies of the 18th century; the more and more specialized global of twentieth and twenty first century technological know-how.

Highlighting the transferring dating among physics, philosophy, arithmetic, and expertise -- and the consequences for humankind's self-understanding -- Heilbron explores the altering position and objective of physics within the cultures and societies that experience nurtured it over the centuries.

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Living with Evolution or Dying without It: A Guide to by K.D. Koratsky

By K.D. Koratsky

Evolution when it comes to typical choice is greater than a thought that could clarify definite earthly phenomena. it's a logical inevitability that applies to all earthly (and common) phenomena. for that reason, people are certainly not, and can't most likely be by any means, exempted from this fact, as this may require the removal of all threats to human lifestyles actual, predatory, microbial, and rival. by way of extension, according to ordinary version styles normally, and diverse evolutionary histories particularly, no matter what activities people adopt as participants and/or within the kind of teams will always have choice ramifications. in brief, people can use principles to increase their very own motives, in the event that they comport with evolutionary rules, via maintaining a step sooner than ordinary choice; or people can use principles to harm their very own explanations, or raise their possibilities of extinction to the level that they don't comport with evolutionary rules.

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Vision, Science and Literature, 1870-1920:: Ocular Horizons by Martin Willis

By Martin Willis

This booklet explores the position of imaginative and prescient and the tradition of statement in Victorian and modernist methods of seeing. Willis charts the characterization of imaginative and prescient via 4 organizing ideas - small, huge, earlier and destiny - to survey Victorian conceptions of what imaginative and prescient was once. He then explores how this Victorian imaginative and prescient inspired twentieth-century methods of seeing, while anxieties over visible 'truth' turned entwined with modernist rejections of objectivity.

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Physics for Future Presidents: The Science Behind the by Richard A. Muller

By Richard A. Muller

We are living in advanced, harmful occasions. Barack Obama and his successors might want to comprehend if Iran's nascent nuclear power is a real danger to the West, if biochemical guns usually are built through terrorists, if there are possible choices to fossil fuels that are meant to be nurtured and supported by way of the govt, if nuclear energy will be inspired, and what's the genuine fact approximately international warming. this is often "must-have" info for all presidents—and citizens—of the twenty-first century. Winner of the 2009 Northern California booklet Award for basic Nonfiction. seventy three figures and illustrations

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Religion and Scientific Naturalism: Overcoming the Conflicts by David Ray Griffin

By David Ray Griffin

Articulates a metaphysical place in a position to rendering either technology and spiritual event at the same time and jointly intelligible. during this ebook, David Ray Griffin argues that the perceived clash among technology and faith relies upon a double mistake-the assumption that faith calls for supernaturalism and that clinical naturalism calls for atheism and materialism.

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