Otto Neurath and the Unity of Science by John Symons

By John Symons

This quantity seriously reexamines Otto Neurath’s belief of the cohesion of technological know-how. the various best students of Neurath’s paintings, besides many admired philosophers of technological know-how seriously learn his position within the historical past of philosophy of technological know-how and review the relevance of his paintings for modern debates about the cohesion of science.

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Beliefs and Biology: Theories of Life and Living by Jennifer Trusted

By Jennifer Trusted

The function of this e-book is to teach how the technology of biology has been inspired via moral, spiritual, social, cultural and philosophical ideals as to the character of existence and our human position within the wildlife. It follows that there are money owed of theories and investigations from these of Aristotle to analyze in molecular biology this present day. those were chosen to demonstrate the subject matter and there's no goal to provide a finished heritage of biology. it is strongly recommended that moral ideals particularly have a better effect in biology than in different sciences, resembling physics and chemistry, and the reason for this is that biology comprises the examine of ourselves and includes us in attention of the worth and function of existence. Attitudes to non-human existence also are colored by means of moral ideals and notwithstanding a few philosophers, for instance Descartes, suggestion that in basic terms humans have been in a position to concept and feeling the overall view has continuously been that animals have been sentient. Our remedy of animals and our attitudes towards them have additionally been conditioned by way of spiritual perspectives as to the location of people relating to the usual world.

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Standards: Recipes for Reality by Lawrence Busch

By Lawrence Busch

Criteria are the capability through which we build realities. There are validated criteria for pro accreditation, the surroundings, purchaser items, animal welfare, the appropriate rigidity for road bridges, healthcare, education--for virtually every little thing. we're surrounded by means of an unlimited array of criteria, lots of which we take without any consideration yet each one of which has been and is still the topic of severe negotiation. during this e-book, Lawrence Busch investigates criteria as "recipes for reality." criteria, he argues, form not just the actual global round us but in addition our social lives or even our selves. Busch exhibits how criteria are in detail attached to power--that they typically serve to empower a few and disempower others. He outlines the heritage of formal criteria and describes how sleek technology got here to be linked to the moral-technical venture of standardization of either humans and issues. He examines using criteria to differentiate and the way this impacts our perceptions; he discusses the production of a worldwide procedure of audits, certifications, and accreditations; and he considers matters of belief, honesty, and chance. After exploring the afflicted coexistence of criteria and democracy, Busch indicates directions for constructing reasonable, equitable, and powerful criteria. Taking a uniquely built-in and complete view of the topic, Busch indicates how criteria for individuals and issues are inextricably associated, how criteria are regularly layered (even if usually addressed serially), and the way criteria are concurrently technical, social, ethical, felony, and ontological units.

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Dispelling the Darkness : Voyage in the Malay Archipelago by John van Wyhe

By John van Wyhe

Darwin is without doubt one of the most famed scientists in heritage. yet he was once no longer by myself. relatively forgotten, Wallace independently came upon evolution via ordinary choice in Southeast Asia. This ebook relies at the so much thorough examine ever carried out on Wallace's voyage. heavily hooked up, yet worlds aside, Darwin and Wallace's tales carry many surprises. Did Darwin quite retain his concept a mystery for 20 years? Did he plagiarise Wallace? have been their theories relatively an identical? How did Wallace hit at the resolution, and on which island? This publication unearths for the 1st time the genuine tale of Darwin, Wallace and the invention that might swap our realizing of existence on the earth without end.

Readership: scholar, specialist, normal public.

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Brain-Mind Machinery: Brain-inspired Computing and Mind by Gee-wah Ng

By Gee-wah Ng

Mind and brain remain an issue of large medical curiosity. With the new advances in measuring tools resembling two-photon laser scanning microscopy and fMRI, the neuronal connectivity and circuitry of the way the brain's quite a few areas are hierarchically interconnected and arranged are higher understood now than ever sooner than. via opposite engineering the mind, desktop scientists wish to construct cognitively clever structures that may revolutionize the unreal intelligence paradigm. Brain-Mind equipment offers a walkthrough to the realm of brain-inspired computing and mind-related questions. Bringing jointly various viewpoints and services from multidisciplinary groups, the e-book explores the human quest to construct a pondering desktop with human-like functions. Readers will gather a first-hand realizing of the mind and brain mechanisms and machineries, in addition to how a lot we've got improved in and the way a long way we're from construction a really common clever process just like the human mind. Contents: The mind: the heart of charm; Neurons and Synapses: the major to reminiscence and studying; The Cortex structure: The construction Block of Intelligence; Many Faces of stories -- Investigating the Human a number of reminiscence structures; studying Like a Human: How Does studying happen in Our Brain?; Emotion and Cognition; Laminar Computing; Probabilistic Computing: The Bayesian brain; considering laptop: better Theories of mind and common-sense wisdom new release; Modeling the whole mind: Biologically encouraged Cognitive Architectures; Are We There? What Can the pc Do this day and Tomorrow?; mind -- A wooded area no longer absolutely Explored: What are many of the Issues?; knowing the mind to construct clever platforms; Conclusions -- The brain That issues.

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Research in History and Philosophy of Mathematics: The CSHPM by Maria Zack, Elaine Landry

By Maria Zack, Elaine Landry

This quantity comprises 13 papers that have been provided on the 2014 Annual assembly of the Canadian Society for heritage and Philosophy of Mathematics/La Société Canadienne d’Histoire et de Philosophie des Mathématiques, hung on the campus of Brock collage in St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada. It comprises carefully reviewed sleek scholarship on normal issues within the background and philosophy of arithmetic, in addition to at the meeting’s distinctive subject, Early clinical Computation. those papers hide matters reminiscent of

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The Philosophy of Science and Technology Studies by Steve Fuller

By Steve Fuller

Because the box of technology and expertise reports (STS) has turn into extra validated, it has more and more hidden its philosophical roots. whereas the fashion is ordinary of disciplines striving for adulthood, Steve Fuller, a number one determine within the box, argues that STS has a lot to lose if it abandons philosophy. In his commonly provocative sort, he bargains the 1st sustained therapy of the philosophical foundations of STS and indicates fruitful avenues for additional examine. With stimulating discussions of the technological know-how Wars, the clever layout idea controversy, and theorists corresponding to Donna Haraway and Bruno Latour, Philosophy of technological know-how and know-how reports is needed interpreting for college students and students in STS and the philosophy of technological know-how.

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Science Shams & Bible Bloopers by David Allen Mills

By David Allen Mills

During this richly enjoyable and hugely readable quantity, you’ll get pleasure from David generators’ irreverent problem to the charlatans of technological know-how fraud. no matter if it’s your neighborhood police, your minister, your favourite writer, your chiropractor, your psychotherapist, or your public colleges, you’ll learn the way those depended on gurus pervert technology for his or her personal egocentric ends.

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Laura Bassi and Science in 18th Century Europe: The by Monique Frize

By Monique Frize

This booklet offers the extreme tale of a Bolognese girl of the settecento. Laura Maria Caterina Bassi (1711-1778) defended forty nine Theses on the college of Bologna on April 17, 1732 and was once presented a doctoral measure on may possibly 12 of an analogous yr. 3 weeks prior to her safeguard, she was once made a member of the Academy of Sciences in Bologna. On June 27 she defended 12 extra Theses. a number of of the sixty one Theses have been on physics and different technology subject matters. Laura was once drawn through the philosophy of Newton at a time whilst so much scientists in Europe have been nonetheless excited by Descartes and Galen. This final set of Theses was once to inspire the college of Bologna to supply a lectureship to Laura, which they did on October 29, 1732. even supposing really well-known in her day, Laura Bassi is sadly now not remembered a lot this day. </P>
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This publication offers Bassi in the context of the century while she lived and labored, an period the place no girls may well attend college at any place on the earth, or even much less turn into a professor or a member of an academy. Laura used to be appointed to the Chair of experimental physics in 1776 until eventually her demise. Her tale is an grand one. Laura was once a mom, a spouse and a great scientist for over 30 years. She made the transition from the outdated technological know-how to the recent very early on in her profession. Her paintings was once founded on actual difficulties that the town of Bologna had to clear up. It used to be a thrilling time of discovery and he or she was once on the fringe of all of it the way.

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