Carbon Inventory Methods: Handbook for Greenhouse Gas by N.H. Ravindranath

By N.H. Ravindranath

Carbon stock requiring estimation of carbon dioxide emissions and removals in land-use different types for nationwide greenhouse gasoline stock and alterations in shares of carbon in tasks aimed toward weather switch mitigation has develop into more and more very important in international efforts to deal with weather switch. for this reason, there's a want for a guide that offers directions and strategies required for carbon stock. Carbon stock tools guide offers unique step by step details on sampling methods, box and laboratory measurements, software of distant sensing and GIS innovations, modeling, and calculation strategies besides resources of information for carbon stock. the original characteristic of this instruction manual is that it presents sensible advice on carbon stock equipment for 4 sorts of initiatives, particularly, 1) improvement, implementation and tracking of carbon mitigation in woodland, agriculture and grassland sectors, 2) nationwide greenhouse fuel stock in agriculture, woodland, and different land-use different types, three) woodland, grassland and agroforestry improvement and four) advertisement and neighborhood forestry roundwood construction. Carbon stock tools instruction manual is a vital resource of connection with universities and learn associations facing weather swap, consultancy and non-governmental agencies excited by constructing and tracking land-based mitigation tasks, donor organizations investment carbon mitigation tasks, nationwide greenhouse fuel stock corporations, United international locations firms and mechanisms corresponding to fresh improvement Mechanism and international setting Facility, roundwood construction and land reclamation undertaking builders and executives, and woodland departments.

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6 Above-ground biomass and soil Vietnam Vietnam Russian Federation India Conclusions The term “carbon inventory” became popular largely under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, where carbon stock changes or CO2 emissions and removals are estimated for land-use sectors as part of the national GHG emissions inventory process. Under the Convention, carbon inventory is also required for estimating the national and global carbon mitigation potential of landuse sectors and the mitigation achieved under land-based programmes or projects.

When native grassland or forest land is converted into cropland, 20–40% of original soil carbon stock can be lost (Mann 1985; Davidson and Ackerman 1993; Ogle et al. 2005). Although both organic and inorganic forms of carbon are found in soil, land use and management typically has a larger impact on organic carbon stocks, and this handbook accordingly focuses only on organic form of carbon. 3 Flux of Carbon Pools CO2 fixed by plants during photosynthesis is transferred across pools such as litter, deadwood and soil carbon.

Iv) Grassland management and land reclamation. Above-ground biomass, litter and deadwood are unlikely to be impacted by project activities leading to improved grassland or annual cropland or to better management of degraded land. Even under the baseline situation, tree biomass may not be present in any significant quantity in croplands, grasslands or savannahs. The main goal is to improve soil fertility and grass or crop production. Above-ground biomass and root biomass in grasslands is an important carbon pool but it is part of the annual cycle, and soil carbon is likely to be the only key pool.

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