Canada’s 1960s: The Ironies of Identity in a Rebellious Era by Bryan Palmer

By Bryan Palmer

Rebellious formative years, the chilly battle, New Left radicalism, Pierre Trudeau, crimson energy, Quebec's demand Revolution, Marshall McLuhan: those are only a number of the significant forces and figures that are evoked on the slightest point out of the Sixties in Canada. concentrating on the key hobbies and personalities of the time, in addition to the lasting effect of the interval, Canada's 1960s examines the legacy of this rebellious decade's influence on modern notions of Canadian id. Bryan D. Palmer demonstrates how after significant postwar immigration, new political events, and now and then violent protest, Canada may now not be considered within the previous methods. nationwide identification, lengthy rooted in notions of Canada as a white settler Dominion of the North, marked profoundly via its origins as a part of the British Empire, had turn into unsettled.

Concerned with how Canadians entered the Sixties rather safe of their nationwide identities, Palmer explores the forces that contributed to the post-1970 uncertainty approximately what it's to be Canadian. Tracing the importance of dissent and upheaval between early life, alternate unionists, college scholars, local peoples, and Quebecois, Palmer indicates how the Sixties ended the entrenched, nineteenth-century notions of Canada. The irony of this rebellious period, notwithstanding, used to be that whereas it promised loads within the approach of switch, it did not supply a brand new knowing of Canadian nationwide identity.

A compelling and hugely obtainable paintings of interpretive background, Canada's 1960s is the e-book of the last decade approximately an period many regard because the so much turbulent and demanding because the years of the nice melancholy and global battle II.

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Diefenbaker’s first years as prime minister saw continued fluctuations, and constant wrangling with the head of the Bank of Canada, but the dollar remained well above par. 12 The Buck Goes from Bad to Just Plain Bad As Canada entered the 1960s, its economy seemed to contain mixed messages. From the doldrums of the later 1950s, to be sure, a number of economic indicators were on the rise. Yet unemployment clearly compromised economic well-being. Having improved somewhat from the late 1950s official rate of 8 per cent, it slipped back to that level in 1960 before beginning a new climb that was much commented on in 1961–2, having broken the 10 per cent level.

To-day, with the five-room bungalow as the object of life and every woman in sight pregnant,’ wailed Lower, the ‘“average man” … and his average wife, glued to the television screen, and his average daughter, with her lipstick and her chewing gum,’ were the ‘fine and final product’ of debased civilization. Alien ideals of equality and social justice bespoke a rampant assault on class (and gender) distinctions that the irreverent nationalist associated with the United States. 57 A symbolic marker of this economic dominance and cultural devastation was ‘the great god,’ the automobile.

When the Buck Was Bad 35 Throughout the 1950s, the key factor affecting the dollar’s value was that Canada’s trade deficit (it was importing more than it was exporting) was offset by the significant flow of capital into the country in direct investment. Coyne’s late-1950s Bank of Canada policies aimed to moderately restrain domestic credit and spending to keep inflation in check. An unintended consequence of such restrictive monetary policy was to encourage this external capital and the consequent Americanization of the Canadian economy by propping up domestic interest rates.

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