By Sarah Grogan
Body picture: figuring out physique Dissatisfaction in males, ladies and youngsters presents a evaluation of what's almost immediately recognized and the result of a few new study on physique photograph. It compares the results of gender, sexuality, social type, age and ethnicity on delight with the way in which we glance and indicates how those modifications come up. Why, for example, are heterosexual males a lot happier with their physique photographs than ladies or homosexual males? Sarah Grogan discusses the impact of media presentation of the best physique and different cultural impacts. unusually, regardless of the just about particular media choice for extraordinarily younger lady our bodies, she reveals that older ladies usually are not much less chuffed with their our bodies than young women. Written for readers from various disciplines, this transparent and eclectic ebook will make the appropriate textual content for college students from psychology, sociology, gender and media stories.
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Extra resources for Body Image: Understanding Body Dissatisfaction in Men, Women and Children
In the Tiggemann and Rothblum (1988) study, the authors compared Australian and American students on body consciousness. They found that the US students were more self-conscious about their bodies, showed a higher frequency of dieting, and were more concerned with weight than were a matched group of Australian students, suggesting that body consciousness was particularly extreme in US culture. There can be no doubt that the idealisation of slenderness varies depending on cultural factors. Poorer cultures (where thinness may signify negative factors such as poverty and/or disease) are more likely to value plumpness; whereas affluent cultures (where thinness may be associated with self-control and self-denial in the face of plenty) are more likely to value slenderness.
Not all women felt too fat, but the majority did. Although being slimmer was linked with good health, women cited looks rather than health as the main reason for dieting. One woman needed to diet for medical reasons, but said that the main reason for losing weight was to look better. The interview data in Charles and Kerr’s study suggest that adult women tend to be dissatisfied with the way their body looks, and that they see the main way to change body shape to be dieting. Charles and Kerr link body dissatisfaction to women’s inferior position in society, seeing control of the body as a realisable goal for women who may find it impossible to exert power externally: Women are constantly trying to reduce, or increase, their body size so that it will conform to the ideal, abnormally slim conception of female beauty which dominates our culture.
Kelly Brownell and Judith Rodin (1994) provide a useful summary of the data relating to weight loss and health. They conclude that it is not possible to evaluate the effects of weight loss on health on the basis of existing data because of problems in the ways that studies have been designed. Most studies have taken self-selecting (obese) groups of people, and compared mortality in those who lose weight and those who do not. Factors such as body fat distribution, dieting history and disease-related factors may be Culture and body image 23 confounded with weight loss.