Biotic Interactions and Soil-Borne Diseases by A. B. R. Beemster, G. J. Bollen, M. Gerlagh, M. A. Ruissen,

By A. B. R. Beemster, G. J. Bollen, M. Gerlagh, M. A. Ruissen, B. Schippers, A. Tempel

This quantity includes a selection of all of the papers provided on the founding convention of the ecu beginning for Plant Pathology, held from twenty sixth February to second March 1990 at Wageningen, The Netherlands. It focusses at the subject of ''Biotic Interactions and Soil-Borne Diseases'', on which there are contributions from major ecu scientists within the box of soil-borne ailments. methods of exploiting biotic procedures and phenomena which bring about plant construction risk free to the surroundings are explored

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Plant Disease Reporter 48: 428-432. , Forster, W . D . , 1981. Aphelenchus avenae, a potential biological control agent for root rot fungi. Plant Disease 65: 423-424. , Lartey, R. and Peterson, C M . , 1988. Interactions between root pathogens and soil microarthropods. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 24: 249-261. , 1988. Effects of granular nematicides on the infection of potatoes by Rhizoctonia solani. Dissertation Agricultural University Wageningen, 125 pp. W. , 1989. Distribution and dynamics of microbivorous nematodes in potato fields and their relationships to some food sources.

The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanisms involved. The nematicides did neither affect host-plant resistance nor the infection process. In vitro, aldicarb slightly stimulated mycelial growth, while ethoprophos and oxamyl were fungitoxic. At field rates, the nematicides did not influence soil fungistasis towards R. solani. In Dutch potato fields, Vertici11ium biquttatum is the main mycoparasite of R. solani. In vitro, aldiĀ­ carb and ethoprophos strongly promoted its parasitism on mycelium of R.

Caecus and Hypogastrura denticulata. , Tarsonemus sp. and Rhizoglyphus robini. 4 indiĀ­ viduals g" soil, respectively. The experiment was terminated after incubation for 25 d. The effect of springtails and mites on the total weight of sprouts of each plant is shown in Table 1 and that on stem infection in Fig. 2. Apparently, springtails and mites did not affect development of sprouts in absence of the pathogen. Furthermore, both types of animals completely negated the adverse effect of R. solani.

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