By Sheila Jeffreys
Should western attractiveness practices, starting from lipstick to labiaplasty, be incorporated in the United international locations understandings of damaging traditional/cultural practices? through analyzing the function of universal good looks practices in harmful the healthiness of ladies, growing sexual distinction, and implementing girl deference, this ebook argues that they should.
In the Nineteen Seventies feminists criticized pervasive good looks regimes comparable to weight loss plan and depilation, yet a few ‘new’ feminists argue that good looks practices are not any longer oppressive now that ladies can ‘choose’ them. even if, within the final twenty years the brutality of western good looks practices turns out to became even more serious, requiring the breaking of pores and skin, spilling of blood and rearrangement or amputation of physique elements. Beauty and Misogyny seeks to make feel of why attractiveness practices will not be basically simply as power, yet in lots of methods extra severe. It examines the pervasive use of make-up, the misogyny of style and high-heeled sneakers, and appears on the position of pornography within the production of more and more well known attractiveness practices corresponding to breast implants, genital waxing and surgical alteration of the labia. It seems on the plastic surgery and physique piercing/cutting industries as being sorts of self-mutilation via proxy, during which the surgeons and piercers function proxies to hurt women’s our bodies, and concludes by way of contemplating how a tradition of resistance to those practices may be created.
This crucial paintings will attract scholars and lecturers of feminist psychology, gender reviews, cultural experiences, and feminist sociology at either undergraduate and postgraduate degrees, and to somebody with an curiosity in feminism, girls and wonder, and women’s health.
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Additional resources for Beauty and Misogyny Harmful Cultural Practices in the West (Women and Psychology)
In the next chapter I argue that western beauty practices need to be included in United Nations de®nitions of harmful cultural practices. This concept is a useful antidote to the debate on agency versus subordination that I have covered here because it is founded on an understanding of the power of cultural enforcement of practices that harm women and children. For practices that are identi®ed as harmful, ``choice'' is no defence. 27 2 HARMFUL CULTURAL PRACTICES AND WESTERN CULTURE I argue here that beauty practices in western culture should be understood as harmful cultural practices.
UN, 1979, art. 5(a)) The de®nition of customary practices here is suf®ciently wide to include beauty practices very well. Beauty practices are the main instrument by 29 HARMFUL CULTURAL PRACTICES AND WESTERN CULTURE which the ``difference'' between the sexes is created and maintained. They create the stereotyped role for women of being sex and beauty objects, having to spend inordinate amounts of time and money on makeup, hairstyles, depilation, creams and potions, fashion, botox and cosmetic surgery.
Men, Henley shows, approach women more closely than they would approach other men because women are permitted less personal space around their bodies. Touch is another area in which the powerful are privileged. The powerful may make physical contact while the subordinates may not. Thus employers may touch of®ce juniors but the reverse behaviour would be presumptuous. Men may, and do, touch women but if women touch men it can be interpreted as a sexual comeon and is a dangerous behaviour. Eye contact is also a way of expressing power.