Bats (Chiroptera) as Vectors of Diseases and Parasites: by Heinz Mehlhorn (auth.), Sven Klimpel, Heinz Mehlhorn (eds.)

By Heinz Mehlhorn (auth.), Sven Klimpel, Heinz Mehlhorn (eds.)

This booklet gathers contributions through sixteen foreign authors at the phenomenon “bats,” laying off a few mild on their morphology, the feeding behaviors (insects, culmination, blood) of other teams, their power and proven transmissions of brokers of illnesses, their endo- and ectoparasites, in addition to numerous myths surrounding their way of life (e.g. vampirism, chupacabras, batman etc.).

Bats were identified in several cultures for numerous thousand centuries, even though their nocturnal actions have made them mysterious and ended in many legends and myths, whereas confirmed evidence remained scarce. Even at the present time, our wisdom of bats is still restricted in comparison to different teams within the animal country. additionally, their recognized skill to prevent collisions with stumbling blocks in the course of their nightly flights with the aid of a worldly and exact process utilizing ultrasound waves (which are transmitted and obtained) is as poorly studied as birds discovering their means from continent to continent. lately, the place globalization transports thousands of individuals and items from one finish of the earth to the opposite, there are elevated dangers posed by way of brokers of ailments, because of which bats have acquired expanding consciousness as strength vectors. those suppositions are in accordance with their confirmed transmission of viruses comparable to rabies.

In committed chapters, the publication addresses the subsequent topics:

• the area of bats

• The remarkable morphology of bats

• Bats as power reservoir hosts for vector-borne diseases

• Bat endoparasites

• Macroparasites – ectoparasites

• Glimpses into how bats fly

• Blood-licking bats

• Vampirism in medication and culture

• Chupacabras and “goat milkers”

• Myths on candiru

As such, this publication presents a wide variety of data for all non-experts attracted to organic themes, but additionally for individuals operating during this box, in addition to physicians and veterinarians who're faced with scientific circumstances, and for lecturers and scholars attracted to increasing their wisdom of biology and of earlier and current cultures.

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Extra resources for Bats (Chiroptera) as Vectors of Diseases and Parasites: Facts and Myths

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1b) (Charrel et al. 2005; Cusi et al. 2010). In 1971, the Toscana virus was isolated for the first time from the sand fly Phlebotomus perniciosus in Monte Argentario, Toscana (Braito et al. 1997; Cusi et al. 2010; Valassina et al. 2003; WHO 2004). Later the virus was also isolated from the sand fly P. perfiliewi (Valassina et al. 2003). However, P. perniciosus is probably the most common insect vector of the Toscana virus, being one of the most abundant sand flies in southern Europe (Maroli et al.

2006; Sam et al. 2006). The virus is transmitted by Aedes spp. mosquitoes and exhibits two different transmission cycles. Aedes aegypti as well as Ae. albopictus are the main vectors in Asia and transmit the virus to humans directly in an urban transmission cycle. Virus isolation from non-human primates or vertebrates like bats in Africa suggests the occurrence of a sylvatic transmission cycle. The main vectors of CHIKV in Africa are Ae. furcifer-taylori, Ae. africanus, Ae. luteocephalus and Ae.

K. k. k. Japan distribuƟon infect. bat Africa south and southeast Asia Eidolon sp. RouseƩus sp. 1 (continued) mosquito mosquito mosquito mosquito mosquito mosquito mosquito mosquito mosquito vector Aedes spp. Culiseta morsitans Culex pipiens Culex torrenƟum Ochleorotatus spp. Aedes camptorhynchus Aedes vigilax Culex annulirostris Aedes vexans Coquilleƫdia perturbans Culiseta melanura Culex erraƟcus Uranotaenia sapphirina Aedes aegypƟ Aedes albopictus Aedes aegypƟ Aedes africanus Aedes apicoargenteus Aedes furcifer Aedes luteocephalus Aedes viƩatus Aedes spp.

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