By Heinrich Heimann
Angiography of the ocular fundus is a
standard exam strategy that are supposed to be mastered by means of each ophthalmologist
treating posterior section diseases.
Outstanding photos - concise text
- Description of the main correct ailment entities noticeable
in day-by-day practice
- Double-page layout
- Excellent angiographic photodocumentation
- Combined with
significant reviews on pathogenesis, symptoms for angiography, extra
diagnostic examinations and selection making
- The most recent classifications of early and past due AMD
- Learn regular angiographic methods
- Search for an important angiographic patterns
- Interpret angiographies confidently
- Follow-up on fresh AMD treatmentregimens together with intravitreal
injections of VEGF-antagonists
Up-to-date program and extra advancements
of usual techniques:
- Fluorescein angiography
- Indocyanine angiography
Use and barriers of evolving techniques:
- Fundus autofluorescence
- Infrared reflectance imaging
- Wide-angle imaging
from the event of well known teachers in various specialities!
Read Online or Download Atlas of fundus angiography PDF
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Additional info for Atlas of fundus angiography
28 Ulrich Kellner Diagnosis and Treatment ¼ The diagnosis can usually be established by binocular ophthalmoscopy. Fundus autofluorescence allows easy monitoring of disease progression. Fluorescein angiography is important in some cases for differentiating between CNV and RPE detachment. ¼ Providing the patient with information about the symptoms and use of the self-testing Amsler grid are important measures for early detection of the development of exudative AMD and assessing the risk of loss of visual acuity.
The choroidal neovascularization is difficult to identify, and has the appearance of a light gray coloring in the foveal area. Some blood and several drusen are also visible. c Early arteriovenous phase. The vessel network of the classic choroidal neovascularization appears as an early, well-defined and demarcated hyperfluorescence. It also features several small areas of hypofluorescence resulting from blockage of fluorescence from hemorrhage and hard drusen. d Late arteriovenous phase. There is a marked increase in hyperfluorescence in the area of the choroidal neovascularization.
Ophthalmology 1986;93:611–7. 1 Classification of Age-Related Macular Disease Definitions and Classification 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 ¼ Different terms are used to identify subgroups of patients with age-related macular disease. ¼ Age-related macular disease can be subdivided into early and late stages. The early stages present with development of drusen and hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation of the retinal pigment epithelium. Late stages with severe visual loss include the development of choroidal neovascularization (CNV), pigment epithelial detachment, subretinal hemorrhage, or geographic atrophy.