Arguments and Analysis in Bioethics. (Value Inquiry Book) by Matti Hayry, Tuija Takala, Peter Herissone-Kelly

By Matti Hayry, Tuija Takala, Peter Herissone-Kelly

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If poverty does not coerce, and the poor therefore need no special protection against coercion, we also lose the best and most powerful arguments for a range of presumably beneficial legal rules, such as rules enforcing a minimum wage, minimum working standards, minimum building standards, compulsory education, and many other similar rules. ” This is clearly a welcome result for the libertarian, but for those of us who think that there is more to morality than the maximization or protection of liberty, it should be an incredibly worrying result.

But most say it has nothing to do with cosmetic preferences or subjective notions of beauty; instead, it is a question of identity. The analogy they draw is with gender reassignment. Sex-change patients claim that they were born in a body of the wrong gender. AID sufferers say they should have been born in the body of an amputee, and it is their right to get the treatment they need to feel “whole” and “healthy” again. 11 Another example that can shed light on the problems of cross-cultural understanding of “the principle of justice” is also taken from Brauman.

The situation of the poor is therefore different from some of the analogies employed in the literature. You can, for instance, only serially exploit my desire for a better job by offering me better conditions each time you try to exploit this weakness in me. The employer, the buyer of blood plasma, or the contract research firm does not have to offer anything more each time they exploit the economic weakness of the poor, because the poor will be back at their status quo ante simply in virtue of having to buy necessities to stay alive.

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