By Monda Halpern
Targeting white; Anglo-Protestant farm ladies in southern and southwestern Ontario, Monda Halpern argues that many Ontario farm girls have been certainly feminist, and that this feminism was once extra innovative than their conservative photo has prompt. In And On That Farm He Had a spouse Halpern demonstrates that Ontario farm girls adhered to social feminism -- a feminism that keen on values and stories linked to girls and that emphasised the diversities among men and women, selling girl specificity, harmony, and separatism. those rules have been expert through farm women's overlapping roles as better halves and unpaid farm labourers.
Because males mostly owned the "family farm", farm women's monetary welfare depended principally at the gentle negotiation in their interconnected roles. but the ladies Halpern uncovers have been unusually outspoken approximately their devaluation at the farm and approximately patriarchal traditions and associations that mistreated girls mostly. And On That Farm He Had a spouse exhibits how Ontario farm better halves and daughters sought to enhance their lives, mainly throughout the domestic economics stream and Women's Institutes. They dedicated themselves to non-public improvement, to raising the character and standing in their paintings, and to public participation in social reform designed to aid others in addition to themselves. All of those efforts have been an expression in their social feminism, which persisted despite the dramatic adjustments in rural lifestyles at mid-century.
And On That Farm He Had a spouse will attract students and scholars of Canadian heritage, women's background, and rural experiences, in addition to to common readers attracted to a ignored tale of Ontario's previous.
Read Online or Download And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970 PDF
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Additional resources for And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970
21 One article written by a man, and seemingly directed to male readers, warned them of the possible repercussions of their neglect: have you ever thought what the result would be if all the farmer’s wives and housekeepers in this country were to form a sort of labor-union and then go out on strike, for something under an eighteen hour day and a pay-envelop [sic] every Saturday night? … the fact that the ‘female of the species’ has always been more faithful to her home and family in the past than she has been to any ‘union’ or organization is no argument proving that she will always remain in that attitude, or frame of mind.
She didn’t go out to help with the milking and by this time father caught on. Neither said anything about mother’s strike, but father gave in first. The second day, at noon, he said, kind of casually, that he had decided to keep the cow, and mother her face saved, helped that night with the milking. It was a heady experience a woman of lesser calibre might have taken advantage of. Not mother. 119 Accordingly, they were often the first to seek help when financial problems struck. ›121 The decision-making powers and influence of farm wives, however, did not alleviate their undervalued status in the home, a problem which invited a variety of solutions.
She told the story of her Aunt Mary, a “country spinster,” who for years was imposed upon by her sisters and brothers to care for their children and clean their homes. When elderly, Aunt Mary, like other unmarried farm women who were “expected to serve without recompense,” could claim no assets of her own, and was forced to rely on others. McCutcheon then compared Aunt Mary to Flora, who was also a spinster, but who lived in the city and worked as a nurse. Like Aunt Mary, she was asked by her married sisters to care for ill children, but, although she was no more competent at childcare than Aunt Mary, “her sisters have not the face to ask her to drop her work and come to their assistance … without recompense.