By Matthew Basso
In around the nice Divide, a few of our top historians glance to either the historical past of masculinity within the West and to the ways in which this adventure has been represented in video clips, renowned tune, dimestore novels, and folklore.
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Extra info for Across the Great Divide: Cultures of Manhood in the American West
The language employed to express the most intimate violations of self-integrity is what is important here. When Catharina de los Rfos wanted to repent for the shameless con duct that had dishonored her, when Francisco Montes Vigil desecrated the Christian images by placing them in Catharina's shameful parts, and when Don Francisco Armijo complained that his wife was shameless and whipped her and cut off her hair to guard her honor, they were expressing the basic tenets of what Spaniards believed constituted a virtuous life.
Kenner, Buffalo Soldiers and Officers ofthe Ninth Cavalry, 1867-1898. Black and White Together (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1 999); William H. ative ofthe Negro Cavalry ofthe West (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1 9667). 45. Kenneth Porter, "Negro Labor in the Western Cattle Industry, 1866--1900," Labor History 1 0 (summer 1 969): 346--74; and Philip Durham and Everett L. Jones, The Negro Cowboys. 46. Porter, 370-74. 47. Shirley Ann Wilson Moore, "To Place Our Deeds": The African American Community in Richmond, California, 1920-1963 (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1 999); Quintard Taylor, The Forging ofa Black Community: Seattle's Central District From 1870 Through the Civil Rights Era (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994); Quintard Taylor, In Search ofthe the Racial Frontier: African Americans in the American West.
They worked at minimizing affronts to their own virtue so as to keep their honor status intact. Female seclusion and a high symbolic value placed on virginity and marital fidelity were inseparable from these goals. Yet only in aristocratic households, where servants and retainers abounded, could resources be expended to ensure that females were properly restrained and protected. The maintenance of virtue among aristocratic females was possible only because Indian and genizaro (slave) women could be forced or persuaded to offer sexual service.