Absentee and Early Voting by John C. Fortier

By John C. Fortier

American citizens as soon as collected at the first Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November to select the nation's leaders. Election Day was once an afternoon of civic engagement whilst acquaintances met on the polls after which forged their ballots. long ago twenty-five years, even if, the USA has gone through a revolution in balloting in contrast to something it has skilled within the first 2 hundred years of its heritage. we've got created a method of many mini-election-days prime as much as the most event.

Today approximately 1 / 4 of american citizens vote earlier than Election Day, both by means of absentee poll or at early vote casting areas. In 1980, just one in twenty citizens voted ahead of Election Day. What has occurred? Has the benefit of absentee or early balloting compromised the integrity of the method and weakened a unifying civic experience?

In Absentee and Early balloting: developments, supplies, and Perils, John Fortier files the dramatic elevate in absentee vote casting and, extra lately, the meteoric upward push in early vote casting. He examines the felony and ancient purposes for adjustments within the balloting procedure and the various modifications throughout states. Fortier deals his recommendations approximately what the adjustments have intended for the rustic and the place we should always cross from the following.

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Fraud and Coercion and Absentee Ballots Vote fraud is difficult to detect, to measure accurately, and to prove. The discussion of the importance of fraud can also be politically divisive, as in the current controversy over whether states should require photo ID cards at polling places. There is little evidence of systematic and widespread election fraud. Those concerned with voter fraud do not claim that it threatens to undermine every election across the country. Conspiracies to alter the outcomes of elections are not lurking around every corner.

17 In an election where nearly 25 percent of voters voted early, turnout increased by less than 2 percent. 19 Comparing states with early voting to states without it, Curtis Gans has mixed findings. On the whole, he reports, early voting “hurts turnout,” but in several midterm elections early-voting states increased their turnout more than other states. 20 Gronke finds that early voting does not increase voter turnout. ”22 Convenience in Voting Despite the evident failure of absentee and early voting to increase turnout rates significantly, it is worthwhile to consider the convenience of these methods.

A number of studies have found that voting by mail did increase turnout by modest amounts. 7 Gans cast doubt on the prospect of even a small positive turnout by noting that in both presidential and midterm elections, states with easy, no-excuses absentee voting had smaller increases in turnout than those with traditional absentee-ballot regimes. Gans attributes the poor performance of absentee voting to the fact that turnout efforts are diffused if spread over a long VOTER TURNOUT AND VOTER CONVENIENCE period of time.

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